**What should my child be working on in math?**

Although learning math concepts is a progression, there are certain indicators that you can be aware of at each age. Here are a few to look for and support your children in their learning. These concepts are based on the Washington State Math Standards for these ages and grades.

**Age 3:**

- Understands that numbers represent an amount
- Recognizes, names, and writes some numerals
- Counts to 20 from memory
- Counts at least ten objects in one-to-one correspondence without assistance.
- Tells what number comes before or after a given number up to ten.
- Uses measuring tools in play activities (measuring cups, measuring tapes, etc.)
- Identifies 2 dimensional shapes – circles, rectangle, triangle, etc.
- Creates builds or draws shapes
- Orders shapes from smallest to largest
- Creates a pattern with a variety of materials

**Age 4:**

- Counts to at least 31 from memory
- Recognizes, names, and writes numerals to 10 (and working towards 20).
- Understands that the last number counted represents the total quantity of objects
- Tells what number comes before or after a given number to 20, with assistance.
- Counts at least twenty objects in one-to-one correspondence without assistance.
- Measures sand or water using a variety of containers.
- Uses some conventional vocabulary of measurement (e.g. inch, cup, pound), though maybe doesn’t have the exact understanding of meaning.
- Estimates how many steps it will take to walk across the room and estimates with reasonableness how many objects are in a jar, etc.
- Identifies 2 dimensional shapes – circles, rectangle, triangle, etc.
- Creates builds or draws shapes.
- Completes a given pattern
- Creates and describes a simple pattern

**Kindergarten:**

- Counts to 100 by memory
- Recognizes and writes numbers to 30 (and higher if possible)
- Counts a set of objects to at least 20 without help and with correct quantity
- Understands the concepts of adding and subtracting
- Adds and subtracts with manipulatives
- Makes reasonable estimates of quantity (how many in a jar, etc.)
- Names the days of the weeks
- Measures objects using non-standard units of measurement (paperclips, cubes, etc.)
- Recognizes, names, sorts, and draws shapes
- Interprets simple graphs
- Describes and extends simple patterns

**First Grade:**

- Counts in sequence to 120
- Counts to 100 by 2’s, 5’s, and 10’s
- Reads and writes whole numbers to 100
- Uses a variety of strategies to add and subtract to 10 and 20
- Makes a reasonable estimate of quantity
- Understands the use of a calendar. Knows days of week and months of year.
- Knows names and values of basic coins
- Tells time to the half hour
- Indentifies 2 and 3-dimensional shapes by attributes
- Interprets simple graphs.
- Collects and represents data using tallies, tables, and picture graphs.
- Recognizes, creates, and extends number patterns.

- Measures and compares using non-standard units of measurement. Learning vocabulary and starting to work with standard units of measurement (foot, pound, inch, gram, gallon, etc.)

- Uses a variety of strategies to solve problems
- Beginning to count groups as the beginning concept of multiplication.

**Second Grade
**

- Count by tens or hundreds forward and backward from 1 to 1000 starting at any number.
- Compare and put in order numbers from 0 – 1000.
- Quickly recall addition and subtraction facts for sums through 20.
- Add two digit numbers both mentally and with procedures.
- Estimate sums and differences.
- Name U.S. Coins and write the value using the $ sign and cent sign and name the value of combinations of coins.
- Determine the value of a collection of coins totaling less than $1.00.
- Estimate length using metric andU.S.units.
- Use both analog and digital clocks to tell time.
- Know properties of two and three dimensional figures.
- Collect data and create graphs.
- Modal and describe multiplication situations in which sets are separated into equal parts.
- Use problem solving strategies to solve a problem.

**Third Grade:**

- Read and write numbers to 10,000
- Round through 10,000 to the nearest ten, hundred, and thousand
- Solve single and multi-step word problems
- Represent multiplication as repeated addition arrays, counting by multiples, and equal jumps on the number line.
- Represent division and equal sharing, repeated subtraction
- Represent fractions that have dominators of 2,3,4,5,6,8,9,10 and 12 as parts of a whole, parts of a set and points on the number line.
- Understand parallel, intersecting, and perpendicular lines.
- Understand quadrilaterals and right angles.
- Measure temperature in Fahrenheit and Celsius
- Weight, capacity and mass as measured inU.S.and metric units.
- Construct and analyze pictographs, frequency tables, line plots, and bar graphs.

First Presbyterian Christian School

318 S. Cedar

Spokane, WA 99201

Phone: (509) 747-9192

318 S. Cedar

Spokane, WA 99201

Phone: (509) 747-9192